Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act is a civil rights law enforced by the U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights that prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities in programs receiving federal funds. Public schools are required to comply with the law and provide disabled students with a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE). One way the school can provide a FAPE is through a 504 Plan. The plan provides accommodations, modifications, and other supports designed to "level the playing field" for the child with a disability.
Schools are also prohibited from discriminating against students with disabilities and their parents. Discrimination involves denying the student access to the benefits of the school.